Department of Chemical, Biological and Bioengineering, North Carolina A&T State University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA

Aloe vera is one of the oldest medicinal plants on record due to its biological properties and health benefits. The name aloe vera derives from the Arabic word “alloeh” meaning “shining bitter substance”, while “vera” in Latin means “true” . History has shown us that ancient Chinese and Egyptians used aloe vera to treat burns, wounds, and reduce fever . The aloe vera plant is one of the most studied herbs in the natural products category. Aloe vera is well known for its natural healing capability of the skin and other soft issues.
Aloe vera contains over 75 biologically active and naturally-occurring compounds, including polysaccharides, vitamins, enzymes, amino acids, and minerals that work in association with other compounds of the human body to deliver numerous health benefits . Aloe vera has been considered a natural healer ever since it was discovered thousands of years ago. However, the use of aloe vera was mainly in the cosmetology and medication.
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in natural materials that could be used in tissue engineering. Due to the numerous beneficial effects, the use of aloe vera in tissue engineering has gained importance. The bioactive components in aloe vera have been reported to have antifungal , antiseptic , antiviral,antibacterial,anti-inflammatory,antioxidant,andwoundhealing properties. Consequently, aloe vera has become an attractive candidate in the field of biomaterials. Aloe vera is especially attractive as a tissue engineering material because aloe vera promotes cell migration, proliferation, and growth .